# Journal of Operator Theory

Volume 59, Issue 1, Winter 2008 pp. 53-68.

Contractive perturbations in $C^*$-algebras**Authors**: M. Anoussis (1), V. Felouzis (2), and I.G. Todorov (3)

**Author institution:**(1) Department of Mathematics, University of the Aegean, 832 00 Karlovasi -- Samos, Greece,

(2) Department of Mathematics, University of the Aegean, 832 00 Karlovasi -- Samos, Greece,

(3) Department of Pure Mathematics, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, United Kingdom

**Summary:**We characterize various objects in a $C^*$-algebra $\ca$ in terms of the size and the location of the contractive perturbations. We prove that if $\cs$ is a precompact subset of the unit ball of $\ca$, there exists a faithful representation $\pi$ of $\ca$ such that $\pi(a)$ is compact for each $a\in \cs$ if and only if $\cp^2(\lambda\cs)$ is compact, for each $0<\lambda<1$. We provide a geometric characterization of the hereditary $C^*$-subalgebras and the essential ideals of $\ca$, as well as of any separable $C^*$-algebra within its multiplier algebra. We present examples showing that the notion of contractive perturbations is not appropriate for the description of compact operators on a general Banach space.

Contents Full-Text PDF