Previous issue ·  Next issue ·  Recently posted articles ·  Most recent issue · All issues   
Home Overview Authors Editorial Contact Subscribe

Journal of Operator Theory

Volume 78, Issue 2, Fall 2017  pp. 473-500.

Lower bounds for unbounded operators and semigroups

Authors:  Charles J.K. Batty (1) and Felix Geyer (2)
Author institution:(1) St. John's College, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3JP, England
(2) St. John's College, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3JP, England

Summary: Let $A$ be an unbounded operator on a Banach space $X$. It is sometimes useful to improve the operator $A$ by extending it to an operator $B$ on a larger Banach space $Y$ with smaller spectrum. It would be preferable to do this with some estimates for the resolvent of $B$, and also to extend bounded operators related to $A$, for example a semigroup generated by $A$. When $X$ is a Hilbert space, one may also want $Y$ to be Hilbert space. Results of this type for bounded operators have been given by Arens, Read, M\"uller and Badea, and we give some extensions of their results to unbounded operators and we raise some open questions. A related problem is to improve properties of a $C_0$-semigroup satisfying lower bounds by extending it to a $C_0$-group on a larger space or by finding left-inverses. Results of this type for Hilbert spaces have been obtained by Louis and Wexler, and by Zwart, and we give some additional results.

Keywords: semigroup, operator, approximate point spectrum, lower bound, expansive, extension, quasi-hyperbolic

Contents   Full-Text PDF