# Journal of Operator Theory

Volume 87, Issue 1, Winter 2022 pp. 203-228.

Non-linear monotone positive maps

**Authors**:
Masaru Nagisa (1), Yasuo Watatani (2)

**Author institution:** (1) Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Chiba University, Chiba, 263-8522, Japan and Department of Mathematical Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, 525-8577, Japan

(2) Department of Mathematical Sciences, Kyushu University, Motooka, Fukuoka, 819-0395, Japan

**Summary: **We study several classes of general non-linear positive maps between $C^*$-algebras,
which are not necessary completely positive maps. We characterize the class of the
compositions of $*$-multiplicative maps and positive linear maps
as the class of non-linear maps of boundedly positive type abstractly.
We consider three classes of non-linear positive maps defined only on the positive cones,
which are the classes of being monotone, supercongruent or concave. Any concave maps
are monotone. The intersection of the monotone maps and the supercongruent maps
characterizes the class of monotone Borel functional calculus. We give many examples
of non-linear positive maps, which show that there exist no other relations
among these three classes in general.

**DOI: **http://dx.doi.org/10.7900/jot.2020aug19.2305

**Keywords: **non-linear positive map, monotone map, $C^*$-algebra

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